Property Valuation, Reappraisals, and Real Property Power of Attorney in Vermont

What are the implications of the H.480 Vermont House Bill.

The legislative process often brings about changes that impact various aspects of a community, including homeowners, home builders, and the workforce. One such recent legislation, H.480, an act relating to property valuation and reappraisals, holds significance for these stakeholders in Vermont. This legislation addresses property valuation methods, including the reevaluation of property values, which can directly affect homeowners’ tax obligations. Additionally, an interesting aspect of this bill touches upon real property power of attorney, introducing complexities and considerations for homeowners, particularly in terms of property management and decision-making.

Title: H. 480. An act relating to property valuation and reappraisals.

Explanation: This is about how we decide how much a house or property is worth and how we check its value again.


Explanation: They want to know if some schools have something called PCBs, which can be harmful. They will check and fix it if needed. They also want to figure out how to pay for this.

  • § 4034. REAL PROPERTY, the language in the power of attorney granting general authority with respect to real property authorizes the agent to perform various actions related to real property, such as buying, selling, leasing, encumbering, partitioning, managing, conserving, developing, and making repairs or alterations to the real property owned or claimed to be owned by the principal.

This section essentially outlines the powers that an agent has when dealing with the principal’s real property, including actions related to managing, maintaining, and disposing of real estate.


  • Convenience and Support: Granting a power of attorney can be beneficial for property owners who may be unable or unavailable to manage their property themselves due to factors like physical limitations, travel, or other commitments. An agent can handle property-related tasks on the owner’s behalf, ensuring that matters are attended to even when the owner cannot be present.
  • Expertise and Efficiency: If the agent has relevant expertise or experience in property management, the property owner can benefit from their knowledge in making decisions, negotiating contracts, or handling property-related issues effectively and efficiently.
  • Estate Planning: Powers of attorney can be a valuable tool in estate planning, allowing property owners to designate someone they trust to manage their property and financial affairs if they become incapacitated. This can help ensure a smoother transition and management of assets.
  • Flexibility: Property owners can tailor the scope of authority granted to the agent based on their preferences and needs. This allows for flexibility in managing different aspects of the property.


  • Risk of Mismanagement: Granting broad authority to an agent without proper oversight can lead to mismanagement, misuse of funds, or decisions that may not align with the property owner’s intentions.
  • Loss of Control: Depending on the scope of authority granted, property owners might experience a loss of control over their property decisions, as agents are empowered to act on their behalf.
  • Trustworthiness of Agent: Property owners must carefully select agents they trust, as agents have significant authority over property matters. If an agent acts against the owner’s best interests, it could result in financial or legal issues.
  • Potential for Conflicts: In cases where multiple agents are involved, disagreements or conflicts between co-agents could arise, causing confusion or inefficiencies in property management.
  • Irrevocability in Certain Cases: In some situations, the power of attorney may become irrevocable, especially if the property owner becomes incapacitated. This means that the owner may not be able to revoke the authority granted to the agent, potentially leading to long-term consequences.
  • Liability: Property owners might be held liable for the actions of their agents, which could potentially lead to legal or financial challenges.

It’s important for property owners to carefully consider their individual circumstances, consult legal professionals, and understand the specific terms and implications of the powers of attorney they grant. The benefits and risks can vary based on the owner’s needs, the agent’s qualifications, and the scope of authority granted.